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Korean Keywords
A list of Korean terminology used in the study of TaeKwonDo

 
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Korean Terminology

General Kicks
Taekwondo "Way of kicking and punching" Apchagi Front kick
Dojang Training gym Bichagi Angle kick
Dobuk Uniform Yopchagi Side kick
Kwan Jang Nim Grandmaster Instructor Dwichagi Back kick
Sa bum Nim Master Instructor Idan bichagi Sliding in bichagi
Gyo sa nim Instructor Naeryo Chagi Axe kick
Keup Level Colour belt grade Dolyo chagi Round kick
Poom Level Junior black belts Miro chagi Push kick
Dan Level Senior black belt Han goellum naga dwichagi Walk back kick (360)
Poomsae Forms / pattern Dwi bal yop chagi Rear leg side kick
Kyorugi Fighting Bichagiro paddo chagi Counter bichagi
Ho sin sool Self-defence Dwichagiro paddo chagi Counter back kick
Kyup-ka Board breaking Narae chagi Double bichagi
Ap bal bichagi Front leg bichagi
Pyo jok chagi Slap (inside cresent) kick
Commands Dolge chagi Spinning bichagi
Kukki day ha yu To the flag Hwechook chagi Spinning hook kick
Charyut Attention
Kyung rye Salute
Jhoonbi Ready Blocks / Strikes / Punches
Shi-jack Begin Momtong jireugi Walking punch
Kalyeo Break Are Makki Low block
Kaesok Continue Momtong makki Middle block
Guman End Aulgool Makki High block
Barro Return to ready position Joochumseo momtong jieurgi Riding stance w/ middle punch
Dwi Dora Turn around Sonnal mok chigi Knife hand strike
Anjo Sit Pyon Son Keut Finger tip strike
Sonnal momtong makki Middleknife hand block
Sonnal area makki Low knife hand block
Stances Ap joo muk Boxing Jab
Ap koobi Front stance Dwi joo muk Boxing cross
Apseogi Walking stance
Dwikoobi Back stance
Jhoonbi seogi Ready stance Counting
Joochum seogi Riding stance Hanna 1
Beom seogi Tiger stance Dool 2
Kyorumsae Fighting stance Set 3
Net 4
Dassut 5
Referee Yassut 6
Chung Blue Il gub 7
Hong Red Yadool 8
Kyong-go Warning (1/2 point) A hop 9
Gam jeom Deduction (1 point) Yul 10
Hong Seung Red wins
Chung Seung Blue wins

Basic Prefixes/Suffixes

Ap - Front
Dwi - Back
Yop - Side
Bal - Leg
Dol - High
Paddo - Counter

Other Categories

Basic Body Parts
Tenets of TaeKwonDo
Body Movements
Directions
Rank
Hand Positions
Sparring
Forms
Uniform
Equipment
Common Phrases
Titles
Miscellaneous

Basic Body Parts

    mom : body
    kwanjeol : joint
    ulgool : face & head
    muh ree : head
    noon : eye
    gui : ear
    ko : nose
    in joong : philtrum
    eep : mouth
    tuhk : chin
    mokoomeong : throat
    mok : neck
    ouka : shoulder
    myung chi : solar plexus
    pahl : arm
    pahlkup : elbow
    pahlmahk : forearm
    ahn pahlmahk : inner side of forearm
    bahkat pahlmahk : outer side of forearm
    meet pahlmahk : palm side of forearm
    wi pahlmahk : back side of forearm
    deung pahlmahk : back of forearm
    sahnmahk : wrist
    sahn : hand
    sahnkal : outside edge of hand (knifehand)
    sahnkal deung : inside edge of hand (ridgehand)
    sahn deung : back hand
    joomok : fist
    sahnkahrak : finger
    sahnkeut : fingertip
    momtong : trunk (middle section)
    huri : waist
    ahrae : lower body (low section)
    noolro : groin
    dahree : leg
    mooreup : knee
    ahp jung kang yi : shin
    bahl mahk : ankle
    bahl : foot (or feet)
    bahldung : instep
    bahlbong oh ri : arch of foot
    bahl nahl : outside edge of foot
    an bahl nahl : inside edge of foot
    bahl badak : sole of foot
    ahp chook : ball of foot
    dwi koomchi : heel
    dwi chook : bottom of heel
    bahlkeut : toes

Tenets of TaeKwonDo

    ye ui : courtesy
    yom chi : integrity
    in nae : perseverance
    kuk gi : self-control (also "jah jeh")
    baekjool : indomitable spirit (also "boolgool eui jung shin")

Body Movements

    mom omgigi : movement of the body
    mahki : block
    chagi : kick
    chirugi : thrust (or punch)
    chigi : strike (with the hand)
    jeek gi : strike (with the foot)
    bahk gi : strike (with the head)
    sahn ki sool : hand technique
    bahl ki sool : foot technique
    kyorugi : sparring
    bituro : twisting
    gamya : stepping (also "omkyuh didigi")
    kuht neun : walking
    uro : moving in a particular direction (e.g. "ahp uro gamya" - stepping forward)
    bang hyang bakoogi : changing direction
    bitkyuh surgi : escaping
    tdwim yu : jumping
    dora : to turn
    dolmyo : spinning
    mee keul myu : sliding (also "mee kul gi")
    jupgi : holding/grabbing
    donzigi : throwing
    goorugi : rolling/tumbling
    pyihagi : dodging
    hecho : spreading
    moyo : gathering
    bojoo : covering

Directions

    oo : right (also "oh-ruen")
    joa : left (also "wen")
    ahp : front
    ahn : inner
    bahkat : outer
    bahndae : reverse
    dwi : back
    ahnuro : inward
    bahkuro : outward
    whee : high (up)
    whee uro : upward
    guande : middle
    ulgool : high section (also "sahngdahn")
    momtong : middle section (also "chungdahn")
    ahrae : low section (also "hahdahn")

Rank

    kagup : rank
    gup : grade
    dan : degree
    simsa : grading (or promotional) test
    simsa kwan : examiner
    dan gup jedo : system of rank

Hand Positions

    sahnkal : knifehand
    sahnkal jecho : knifehand with palm up
    sahnkal deung : ridgehand (also "oppun sahnkal")
    sahn bahtong : palm heel (also "bahtong sahn")
    sahn deung : back hand (also "deung sahn")
    ah keum sahn : arc hand
    galkwi sahn : ripping (or raking) hand
    jipke sahn : pincers hand
    joomok : fist
    deung joomuk : back fist
    yup joomuk : side fist
    me joomuk : hammer-fist
    inju joomuk : forefinger one-knuckle fist
    bamchu joomuk : middle-finger one-knuckle fist
    doo bam joomuk : two-knuckle fist
    pyun joomuk : flat (or open) fist
    omji joomuk : thumb-knuckle fist
    kwan soo : spearhand (also "pyun sahnkeut")
    sahnkeut : spearfinger
    gawi sahnkeut : scissors-shaped spearfingers

Sparring

    kyorugi : (free) sparring
    han bun kyorugi : one step sparring
    doo bun kyorugi : two step sparring
    sae bun kyorugi : three step sparring
    bahn ja yu kyorugi : semi free sparring
    machu oh kyorugi : arranged free sparring
    jeon : round (competition segment)
    shihap : bout or match
    jeum : point
    shi gan : time out
    keum bahk : out of bounds
    kyong go : warning
    gam jeum : deduction of point
    shil kyuk : disqualification
    boo sang : injury
    seung : win
    bi kim : tie
    chung : blue
    hong : red
    hin : white
    jajun bahl : use of footwork to dodge a technique
    nachugi : body evasion by "ducking"

Forms

    poomse : form (pronounced "poom-say"), also "hyung"
    tul : patterns
    jang : similar to a page or a chapter
    yung seuk : combination
    sa bang hyang : four direction

Uniform

    dhee : belt
    dobok : uniform
    ha'i : training pants

Equipment

    hogoo : chest protector (also "bohogoo")
    sahn boho jang kap : protective gloves
    pahlmahk bohodae : forearm guard
    jung kang yi bohodae : shin guard
    nang shim bohodae : groin cup
    muh ree bohodae : protective head gear
    eep bohodae : mouth guard

Common Phrases

    ye : yes (also "ne")
    anio : no
    kahm sa hamnida : thank you
    komap sumnida : less formal form of "thank you"
    cheon maeneyo : you're welcome (literally "Don't mention it!")
    cheuk ka hamnida : congratulations!
    ahnyong hasimnika : How are you? (literally "Are you well?" or "Are you at peace?")
    ahnyong hasayo : less formal form of "How are you?"
    yoboseyo : hello (used on the phone or to get someone's attention; literally "Please look here!")
    ahnyonghee gasipsiyo : good-bye (to the person who is leaving); literally "Go in peace!"
    ahnyonghee gyesipsiyo : good-bye (to the person who is staying); literally "Stay in peace!"
    ahnyonghee gasayo : less formal form of "good-bye" (to the person who is leaving)
    ahnyonghee gyesayo : less formal form of "good-bye" (to the person who is staying)
    pangap seumnida : Pleased to meet you!
    toh poepkeseoyo : See you later!
    eoseo osayo : Welcome!
    choesong hamnida : I'm sorry
    mian hamnida : less formal form of "I'm sorry!"
    shillye hamnida : Excuse me! (asking forgiveness for an impolite act)
    kwaen chanayo : That's all right
    ahlge seoyo : I understand
    moreuge seoyo : I don't understand
    chaemi isseoyo : It is fun (or interesting)!

Titles

    do joo nim : founder (of the art)
    kwan jang nim : grandmaster
    chung sah nim : chief instructor (or "chief master")
    sah bum nim : instructor (or "master")
    sah boo nim : more intimate and respectful form of "sah bum nim"; literally "teaching father"
    kyo sah nim : teacher (also "seon saeng nim")
    sun bae nim : senior student
    hu bae nim : junior student
    hak saeng : student
    suryun saeng : trainee
    jeja : pupil
    joo sim : referee
    bu sim : judge
    bae sim : juror
    kae sim : time keeper
    ki rohk : recorder

Miscellaneous

    dojang : place where one trains (house of discipline)
    gong-kyok : offense
    hosinsool : self-defense
    mukyum : meditation
    kihap : yell
    jung shin yuk : mental strength, or martial art spirit (also "moodo jung shin")
    jung shin dong il : concentration of the mind
    jung shin soo yang : development (training) of the mind
    jung do : the "right" way (correctness of action)
    sim shin dahn ryun : mind and body discipline
    chung myung kwon : development (training) of the body, mind, and spirit
    chi shik : knowledge of mind and thoughts
    heng dong : execution (action) of the body and its techniques
    pil seung : certain victory
    il sok pil sai : one strike must kill
    ho hyoop : breathing
    shim ho hyoop : breathing control (deep breathing)
    himm : force or power
    ki : life-energy
    dahnjun : the center of your "ki"
    bokboo : the stomach area where "ki" is generated.
    choong sim : center of gravity
    chojum : focus (focal point) of your energy
    jeung ga : increase (to strengthen or augment)
    kyuk pa : breaking (the art of breaking boards, bricks, and tiles)
    shibum : demonstration (or exhibition)
    pyugi : stretching
    ye jol : etiquette
    jon gyung : respect
    choong sung : loyalty (also "eui ri")
    jung jhik : honesty
    kahjok : family

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